Vasculitic Rhinitis: Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention, Difference from Allergic Rhinitis

Vasodilatory rhinitis is the most common type of rhinitis other than allergic rhinitis, and the two can easily be confused.

What is vasodilatory rhinitis?

Vasodilatory rhinitis is a hyper-reactive rhinopathy caused by an imbalance in the autonomic regulation of the vascular glands of the nasal mucosa. It is caused by external stimuli or neuroendocrine disorders, resulting in vasodilatation of the nasal mucosa and hypersecretion of the glands, which manifests as nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing and other symptoms. Allergic reactions do not occur in vasomotor rhinitis, but usually occur as a result of specific factors.

Clinical manifestations of vasomotor rhinitis

Vasomotor rhinitis most often occurs in young and middle-aged women, and is often triggered by a specific environment or clear triggering factors, such as a particular odor that h smells, smelling aromatic agents, or after being cold or eating spicy food. The main manifestations are nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, and itchy nose. But it also varies from person to person, for example, some patients have runny nose while others have stuffy nose.

Difference between vasodilatory rhinitis and allergic rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is caused by allergen irritation and tests positive for allergens. In contrast, vasomotor rhinitis is associated with mental stress, anxiety, environmental and temperature changes, and endocrine dysfunction, and tests negative for allergens. Although both are caused by histamine release, the causes are different. The former is an allergic reaction triggered by allergen stimulation, while vasodilatory rhinitis is caused by excessive mental stress, mood swings, or chronic high stress states.

Treatment of vasodilatory rhinitis

The use of antihistamines can relieve nasal congestion and runny nose

Nasal glucocorticoids can play a local anti-inflammatory, anti-edema and improve discomfort

You can also use saline rinses for nasal cavity, etc.

Who is a large susceptible group for vasomotor rhinitis?

1. Young people in adolescence, or women in menstruation, pregnancy and menopause.

2. People with a history of allergies, such as those who are allergic to pollen.

3. Young and middle-aged people who are under long-term psychological stress.

4. People who are often in a stimulating environment, such as long-term exposure to irritating gases.

5. People who take blood pressure and lipid-lowering drugs for a long time.

6. People with chronic nasal disease.


How to prevent vasomotor rhinitis?

1. Participate in regular physical exercise, preferably for more than one hour a day in total, which can increase your resistance.

2. Try not to enter or leave hot or cold environments suddenly, or if you have to do so, protect your nose accordingly in advance.

3. Do not stay up late, ensure sufficient sleep and good rest habits.

4. Pay attention to a balanced diet and ensure nutritional intake.

5.When you get to an environment where the air is dry and cold, you can wear a mask to protect your nose and breathe the air a little warmer, which may not induce symptoms.

Post time: Apr-15-2022